Before You Pet A Porcupine: There are 29 species of porcupines and for various reasons not all of them can be kept as pets. The Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus macrourus) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Porcupines have r… Porcupine Quillwork The Parallel or Band Technique contributed by Nancy Fonicello; Quilled Rosette made by Nancy using the Single-quill Parallel-fold or Band Technique. Many people consider porcupines to be a nuisance because of the damage they cause to trees and wooden structures. Contact: odfw.commission@state.or.us They have a short tail and gray brown quills and feed on fruits, ant pupae, vegetables and roots. It occurs in the Amazon rainforest east of the Madeira River and south of the Amazon River. For example, the fact that they are classified as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all rodents in the world. The animal has long, curved front claws which also aid in climbing. This porcupine is little known, but is probably arboreal, nocturnal and solitary like its relatives. A Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine (Sphiggurus mexicanus) photographed at Knoxville Zoo in Tennessee. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). The two families of porcupines are quite different, and although both belong to the Hystricognathibranch of the v… Porcupines are mammals. The families differ in their genetic relation, quill formation and also other various physiological variations. View all of the Porcupine images! Keeping some could turn out to be quite expensive in the long run. Common porcupine. Growth is slow, but the porcupine matures in its second fall and can look forward to a life span of up to ten years in the wild unless a person or some other predator kills it. A porcupine has three types of hair: Underfur - This is the bottom layer, comprised of heavy, dark hair that keeps the animal warm. They live in a range of habitats from tropical to temperate forests and grasslands of Asia, Europe, Africa, and America. Updated weekly by wildlife biologists throughout the state. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. They have long claws to help them climb on tree trunks and also small branches. It is known from dry forests on the lower slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Serranía del Perijá mountains of northern Colombia, at altitudes below 500 and 1100 m, respectively, and intervening lowlands, and may also be present in nearby parts of Venezuela. 4034 Fairview Industrial Drive SE Porcupines make a variety of vocalizations and sounds with the teeth, some which can be heard at considerable distance. All species are equipped with defensive spines, which protect them from predators. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. Although there are numerous different species of porcupines in existence, only one roams throughout the United States, according to the National Geographic. The thick-spined porcupine (Hystrix crassispinis) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. The overall color of the porcupine is dark brown or blackish. The quills are scattered among much longer, course guard hairs; the underfur is woolly. Beginning March 23, all ODFW offices will be closed to visitors. Porcupines are a type of rodent. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). Three subspecies are extant in South and Southeast Asia. It inhabits tropical forests at elevations up to 1500 m. The brown hairy dwarf porcupine (Coendou vestitus) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. West of the Cascades, it is found in only a few scattered localities. Porcupine. The Cape porcupine or South African porcupine, (Hystrix africaeaustralis), is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. They can be from 25 to 36 inches long. The quills are arranged in rows across the body, the longest quills are on the rump, the shortest on the face. The Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine or Mexican tree porcupine (Coendou mexicanus) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. There are 12 "New World" species in North, Central and South America. There are dozens of species of porcupines in the world. The wei… Types of Porcupine. The North American porcupine can live for 23 years, while South America's prehensile-tailed porcupine can go four years longer. Guard Hairs - These long, rough strands grow atop the underfur. (800) 720-6339, Do you have a question or comment for ODFW? It is found in China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. The nose is pink and large, and the eyes are small. Most are slow-moving, but some varieties in the Americas are agile climbers. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Despite a very slow walking pace and a low reproductive rate, its coat of long, sharp quills enables the porcupine to live a long life by protecting it from predators. The quills are scattered among much … It is known locally as durian or landak. It was formerly sometimes assigned to Sphiggurus, a genus no longer recognized since genetic studies showed it to be polyphyletic. The porcupine is one of the most interesting and unusual wildlife species in Minnesota. Although the young porcupine suckles for a short time – three to seven weeks – it begins eating vegetation shortly after birth and soon is on its own. The Santa Marta porcupine (Coendou sanctamartae) is a rodent in the family Erethizontidae. This is the classification of the North American porcupine, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS):Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Mammalia Subclass… In Oregon, there is only one, the common porcupine.Â. The stylized porcupine pictured here is one such representation. At first, the idea of using porcupine quills to patch up wounds sounds torturous. Porcupines have tails measuring about eight to ten inches (20-25 cm) and a round body weighing anywhere from 12 to 60 pounds (5-27 kg). Porcupine. Most carnivores would not pass up a meal of porcupine. Types of Porcupines Bahia ​Porcupine​. Old World porcupines inhabit Africa and Asia, while New World porcupines are primarily found in the Americas. Some species can be well over 60 lbs., and over 2.5 ft. long. In the wild, their lifespan is around 6 to 8 years, but in captivity they may live up to 12 to 14 years. In Oregon, the porcupine is found throughout most of the state east of the Cascade Range. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. Oh, it's also the symbol for the Libertarian Party of Nevada. The brush-tailed porcupine occurs in Benin, Cameroon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo and Uganda, in tropical rainforest at altitudes up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft). Blooded Porcupine Bezoar Stone. All porcupines have a snout, slow, heavy form and a spiny coat. Types of Porcupines There are 29 species of porcupine which are separated into two families: old world porcupines (Hystricidae) and new world porcupines (Erethizontidae) each containing three genera. They serve as a shield, protecting sensitive areas on the back and tail. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Some use is made of dens in winter. Contact ODFW's Public Service Representative at: odfw.info@state.or.us. head. They are both very similar in appearance. In length this porcupine reaches only 38 centimeters. Genus Erethizon (North American porcupine) 1 North American species. A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). The synonyms of this species are Atherurus assamensis (Thomas, 1921), and Atherurus macrourus (Thomas, 1921) subspecies assamensis. The weight of the porcupine depends on the species and varies from 1.2 to 35 kilograms. That species is the North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), which is also frequently referred to as the common porcupine. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. There are 11 species, in three genera, of Old World porcupines in the Hystricidae family. This small porcupine, locally known as coandumirim, is found in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre in the Atlantic coast of northeastern Brazil north of the São Francisco river, one of the most important known biodiversity hotspots. It is found in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Old World Porcupines – Hystricidae During the winter, they chew through the outer tree bark to eat the tissue-like inner bark. It is native to southern Asia and the Middle East. Porcupines are usually broken up into two categories -- Old World or New World (Hystricidae or Erethizontidae). The Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) is a porcupine found in Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, the Guyanas, Bolivia and Trinidad, with a single record from Ecuador. The Indian crested porcupine (Hystrix indica), or Indian porcupine, is a large species of hystricomorph rodent (order Rodentia) belonging to the Old World porcupine family, Hystricidae. It's part of the logo for the Free State Project, which actually led to a more organized usage. Family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines) 11 species in 3 genera. When ground dens are not available, porcupines choose trees to rest in. Most are dark colored, with lighter colored spines or spine tips. However, an encounter between a young inexperienced predator and a porcupine can be a very painful experience. As soon as the quills are dry, a new-born porcupine can defend itself from some predators. The Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Fossils dating to the Oligocene Epoch (33.7 million to 23.8 million years ago). The Bahia porcupine, Coendou insidiosus, is a New World porcupine species in the family Erethizontidae endemic to the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil. New World porcupines make up the Erethizontidae family, which comprises four genera and 12 species. Porcupine attains its greatest abundance in mixed coniferous and hardwood forests. These large rodents are known to fight off enormous predators, and they feast on plants, shrubs and trees throughout the year. It is found in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Mexico, Nicaragua and Belize. They are broken down into two types of porcupines, which are Old World and New World porcupines. There is no mistaking what you are seeing when a Porcupine comes into view. Blood porcupine gallstone (date ) stones are usually found in fully mature porcupine and is less readily available. Porcupines will spend winter in dens, usually rock dens where available. How much of a threat are porcupines to surrounding animals? There are three species of porcupines designated as new world: the North American porcupine, the Brazilian porcupine, and the dwarf porcupine. Seen here, the libertarian porcupine icon designed by Kevin Breen in 2006 mimics the Republican Elephant and Democratic Donkey. Can’t find what you need? When climbing, the porcupine uses the stiff bristles on the undersurface of the tail as support. The common porcupine has up to 30,000 quills. Do you want to enter your opinion about a specific issue into the public record? Many people don’t know much else about them though. Salem, OR 97302 But, taking inspiration from the spiky rodent, researchers have begun to work on a new type … Porcupine is a spine-covered mammal belonging in the Order: Rodentia. We report the discovery of a new species of Coendou (Rodentia, Erethizontidae), here designated Coendou speratus sp. Description. There are 29 species of porcupines classified in eight genera. Depending on where you live, it may be illegal to keep some species of porcupines. The black dwarf porcupine, also known as Koopman's porcupine, Coendou nycthemera, is a... Brown … Density of predators also determines time spent on the ground, because most porcupine predators are non-arboreal species. Genus Hystrix (short-tailed porcupines) 8 species (6 Asian, 2 African). The front feet have four toes, the rear feet five; all have strong, curved claws. Visit the ODFW's agency site. Genus Echinoprocta (stump-tailed porcupine) 1 Colombian species. They all generally have the same diet of plant material. Quills used in defense are replaced commencing about 10-42 days after loss. It is of the best quality among all the different grade category of porcupine bezoar stone and hence it is easy difficult to see why it is the most expensive type of porcupine bezoar dates . The Old World species have spines that are grouped into clusters, while the New World species have spines that are attached to the skin singly. They slowly evolved and quickly migrated throughout North and South America. Porcupines weigh about 12 to 35 pounds and are rounded and large. The soles are naked. The Bahia porcupine, Coendou insidiosus, is a New World porcupine species in the family... Black Dwarf ​Porcupine​. The bicolored-spined porcupine (Coendou bicolor) is a species of nocturnal and arboreal rodent in the family Erethizontidae. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. Photograph by Joel Sartore, National Geographic Photo … © Copyright 2016–2020 Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. Thirty million years ago, porcupines traveled across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa to Brazil. The Andean porcupine (Coendou quichua) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. What animals can kill porcupines and how do they do it? What are the natural predators of porcupines. They are nocturnal and monogamous. In addition to plant material, porcupines crave salt and are attracted to objects that have salty human sweat on them, such as ax handles, boat oars, etc. Rothschild's porcupine is a medium sized porcupine with a head-and-body length of between 332 and 420 mm (13.1 and 16.5 in) and a tail length of between 290 and 413 mm (11.4 and 16.3 in). Porcupine | Pixabay Image Main Phone (503) 947-6000 The Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae.It is endemic to Indonesia.. References. ODFW staff will be available by phone and email. Most of them appear to be dark brown to black, however some of the hairs and quills on the backs of porcupines are yellow. They are vegetarians. There are 330 species of porcupine, and they may be brown, grey, or, rarely, white. During warm months, porcupines eat leaves, buds, nuts, fruit, twigs, and green plants. The smallest porcupine is a dwarf porcupine, inhabiting the lands of Brazil, Bahia. It is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sumatra, where it is hunted for food. A fully grown adult weighs in the region of 2 kg (4 lb). Large, slow-moving rodents, porcupines are found on every continent except Antarctica. Today, the North American Porcupine happily ranges from Alaska through Canada and into Mexico. The black dwarf porcupine, also known as Koopman's porcupine, Coendou nycthemera, is a porcupine species from the New World porcupine family endemic to northern Brazil. Different trees are chosen for resting than for feeding. The Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine, Coendou spinosus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae. These rodents are relatively large compared to the rest of the order Rodentia. The tail can be another 8 to 10 inches. They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. The tails of these rodents also have different lengths, ranging from 20 to 30 centimeters. It is endemic to the island of Borneo and found in Brunei, ... Orange-​Spined Hairy Dwarf Porcupine​. Other major reason is … Erethizon dorsatum. Their most vulnerable spot is the exposed underfur on their stomachs. Porcupines are strict herbivores and virtually all species of trees found within a porcupine’s range are eaten. The single band technique is another type of quillwork technique that is easily mastered. At least three species of … It is found in the Andes of Ecuador as well as from the Cordillera Oriental of northeastern Colombia near San Vicente de Chucurí. nov. There are many kinds of porcupines in the world and 21 species to be exact. The Sumatran porcupine (Hystrix sumatrae) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. Porcupines are the third largest rodent on the planet. Activity is mostly nocturnal or crepuscular, but those feeding in trees may be observed at any time as they usually do not retire to dens during the daylight hours. They come in different shades: gray, brown and the unusual white. Current bird and wildlife viewing opportunities. The Philippine porcupine, Indonesian porcupine, or Palawan porcupine (Hystrix pumila) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines) endemic to the island of Palawan in the Philippines. 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